Intergroup discrimination refers to the phenomenon where factions of a single group develop conflicts against each other as by-products of competition and prejudice. The characteristics that determine group membership in the minimal group paradigm (eg, preferring the paintings of one artist over another, overestimating or underestimating the number of dots that appear on a screen) seem trivial and insignificant to participants (hence the term “minimal group”. One of the most influential paradigms in research on intergroup relations is the minimal group paradigm initially motivated by an interest in understanding the basic determinants of social discrimination, this paradigm investigates the impact of social categorization on intergroup relations in the absence of realistic conflicts of interests, and for social categories that are arbitrary and novel. The minimal group paradigm 26 5 led to the formulation of social identity theory (tajfel and turner, 1985) in the following sections of this chapter, first an overview will be given from the origins of the minimal group paradigm to the development of social identity theory next, some alternative theoretical explanations of intergroup discrimi.
Minimal group paradigm 群体范式 双语对照 according to the minimal group paradigm, people will do this based on almost any characteristic, and will even show loyalty to groups formed at random. These sentences, with which tajfel (1970) opened his first report on what is now known as the minimal group experiments, provide in a nutshell both the main research question that led to the development of the minimal group paradigm (mgp), and the main conclusion from its results. Minimal requirements for explicit bias to take place social group comparisons reinforce social identity themselves more strongly towards social identity orientation sample questions from evaluation 1=not important to the sense of who i am 5= extremely important to the sense of who i am (personal. The minimal group paradigm is a procedure that researchers use to create new social groups in the laboratory the goal is to categorize individuals into groups based on minimal criteria that are relatively trivial or arbitrary.
Minimal group paradigm minimal group paradigm is a social psychology research methodology that proposes that the minimal condition for group biases (like favoritism towards your own group and prejudice towards other groups) is simply being a member of a group. The minimal group paradigm louise lemyre and philip m smith university of british columbia, vancouver, canada this experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that intergroup discrimination in the minimal group paradigm is related to self-esteem according to social identity. Learn minimal group paradigm with free interactive flashcards choose from 252 different sets of minimal group paradigm flashcards on quizlet. Minimal group paradigm definition the minimal group paradigm is a procedure that researchers use to create new social groups in the laboratory the goal is to categorize individuals into groups based on minimal criteria that are relatively trivial or arbitrary.
What has become known as the minimal group paradigm (mgp tajfel, billig, bundy, & flament, 1971 rabbie & horwitz, 1969) have led to numerous theoretical advances in the study of groups, including social identity theory (tajfel & turner, 1986) and self-categorization theory. Tajfel’s minimal group paradigm is quite simple: the minimum requirement to create us-versus-them attitudes is the existence of two groups us-versus-them attitudes are completely natural they arise without provocation. The minimum group paradigm tajfel (1971) was interested in systematically finding the baseline conditions under which people would show ingroup bias he wanted to observe the minimal conditions required to induc e prejudice. To demonstrate the minimal group paradigm in creating in group bias method: schoolboys from bristol were randomly allocated into groups (though they were told it was off a basis for a preference of artwork for kandinsky or klee.
2 reward distribution phase participants were asked to distribute small sums of money between pairs of recipients using specially constructed reward matrices (the amount of money distributed is the dv. 1 moderators of intergroup discrimination in the minimal group paradigm: a meta-analysis emily pechar1 rachel kranton2 august 17 2017 abstract: the minimal group paradigm (mgp) has been used as a method to demonstrate intergroup discrimination between arbitrary. Experiment 1 used a minimal group paradigm to demonstrate that defectors trigger a stronger derogation of ingroup deviants than outgroup deviants vis-à-vis normative members experiments 2 and 3 compared group members’ responses to defection versus desertion from minimal and self-assigned groups respectively. Minimal group paradigm study two experiments by henri tajfel & colleagues the minimal group paradigm is a methodology employed in social psychology to investigate the minimal conditions required for discrimination to occur between groups.
The minimal group paradigm is a methodology employed in social psychology  although it may be used for a variety of purposes, it is most well known as a method for investigating the minimal conditions required for discrimination to occur between groups. Prior to tajfel's work, it was believed that group bias (favoritism and/or prejudice) arose from personal interests of group members or from conflict tajfel demonstrated that the minimal condition needed for group favoritism is simply categorization into a group. The minimal group paradigm this activity replicates, more or less, the exact experiment used by henri tajfel to demonstrate the minimal group paradigm used in social identity theory students receive a handout with matrices listing different values that their side of the auditorium (the in-group) would receive and that the other side (the out.
Over many years, social psychologists have sought to understand what causes individuals to form themselves into groups initially, it was believed that groups were formed when people bonded around a common goal later, it was found that, when individuals were divided into groups on a random basis, this in itself was sufficient for them to feel part of a group and show a preference for their. Discrimination in the minimal group paradigm 79 44 36 34 34 36 44 30 47 22 42 table 1 ingroup and outgroup outcomes as a function of the multiple alternative matrices. First used in a practical sense by polish-born british social psychologist henri tajfel (1919 - 1982) in his paradigm, the minimal group is a nominal group which typically lacks the features found in the majority of social groups such as cohesion, shared characteristics, interdependence, joint activities and a solid group structure. In this study, we used for the first time the “minimal group paradigm” in which participants were assigned to artificial groups and required to perform pain judgments of pictures of hands and feet in painful or non-painful situations from self, ingroup and outgroup-perspectives.